This White Book provides information on the potential of the largest but least tapped source of energy on earth, the solar radiation of deserts, and on how it could be put into service for energy, water and climate security for Europe, the Middle East and North Africa (EUMENA). Further it quantifies the potentials of all major renewable energy sources in the EUMENA region, available for a mix optimized for a fast and low-cost transition to a climate compatible EUMENA-wide power supply system. It describes the present demands for electricity and consave and sustainable way by interconnected renewable energy sources in EUMENA. The decarbonisation of the power system for EUMENA is in reach. To this end full cooperation of sunbelt and technology belt regions, their interconnection by a supergrid and an Apollo-Program like effort EUMENA-DESERTEC to tap the clean power from deserts are required. The book is based on the studies MED-CSP, TRANS-CSP ad AQUA-CSP conducted by EUMENA-wide study teams lead by DLR.
The White Book effectively summarizes the work of the Trans-Mediterranean Renewable Energy Cooperation. TREC was founded in September 2003 by an initiative of The Club of Rome, the Jordanien National Energy Reasearch Center NERC, and the Hamburg Climate Protection Foundation HKF, with the aim of achieving fast climate, energy and water security by a joint effort of the EU-MENA regions. TREC now is a network of 60 experts in countries “around” the Mediterranean Sea and beyond: from Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Libya, Egypt, Palestine, Jordan, Yemen, United Arab Emirates and Baharain, and from Spain, France, The Netherlands, United Kingdom, Germany, Austria, Italy, Turkey, India and Australia.